Australia House Prices Down

Australian monthly house prices declined once again in December, adding to concerns among banks and property firms that a deterioration in prices across the country will resume this year.

Applications Fall 5% during Holiday Shortened Week

Mortgage applications were down during
the week ended January 20 according to the Weekly Mortgage Applications Survey
conducted by the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA).  The Market Composite Index, a measure of
application volume fell 5 percent on a basis that was adjusted seasonally and
to account for the week shortened by the Martin Luther King holiday.  On a non-seasonally adjusted basis the
Composite fell 13.8 percent from the previous week which ended January 13.

The
seasonally adjusted Purchase Index was down 5.4 percent and the unadjusted
Purchase Index 9.7 percent.  The latter
was 6.5 percent lower than during the same week in 2011.  The index measuring applications for
refinancing was down 5.2 percent. 

The
four week moving averages for all indices remained positive.  The Composite Index was up 4.12 percent, the
Refinance Index increased 4.85 percent and the seasonally adjusted Purchase Index
rose 0.47 percent.

Refinancing
continued to represent the majority of mortgage activity, falling slightly from
82.2 percent of all applications the previous week to 81.3 percent.  Applications for adjustable rate mortgages
were at a 5.3 percent level compared to 5.6 percent a week earlier. 

Looking
back at the month of December, MBA found that refinancing borrowers applied for
30-year fixed-rate mortgages (FRM) in 56.6 percent of cases and 24.3 percent of
applications were for a 15-year FRM.   ARMs represented 5.3 percent of applications in
December.  The
share of refinance applications for “other” fixed-rate mortgages with
amortization schedules other than a 15 or a 30-year term was 13.8 percent of
all refinance applications.

Purchase Index vs 30 Yr Fixed

Click Here to View the Purchase Applications Chart

Refinance Index vs 30 Yr Fixed

Click Here to View the Refinance Applications Chart

The average contract interest rate for 30-year FRMs with
conforming loan balances of $417,500 or less increased to 4.11 percent from
4.06 percent with points down one basis point to 0.47 point.  The effective rate increased from the
previous week.  The rate for jumbo
30-year FRM with balances over $417,500 decreased from 4.40 percent with 0.37
point to 4.39 percent with 0.40 point. 
The effective rate also decreased. 
The rate for FHA-backed 30-year FRM rose to 3.97 percent from 3.91
percent while points were down from 0.59 to 0.57 point.  The effective rate increased.

The
average rate for 15-year FRM increased to 3.40 percent from 3.33
percent, with points increasing to 0.40
from 0.39 and the effective rate increased as well. The rate for the 5/1 hybrid ARM was
up one basis point to 2.91 percent with points decreasing to 0.41l from
0.45.  The effective rate increased.

All
rates quoted are for 80 percent loan-to-value mortgages and points include the
application fee.

 The
MBA survey covers over 75 percent of all U.S. retail residential mortgage
applications, and has been conducted weekly since 1990.  Respondents
include mortgage bankers, commercial banks and thrifts.  Base period and
value for all indexes is March 16, 1990=100.

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Consumer Advocacy Group Weighs in on AG Settlement

Rumors have been circulating for some
time that the Obama Administration is pressuring the 50 state attorneys general,
the Justice Department and the Department of Housing and Urban Development to
settle with major banks over issues relating to errors in servicing and
foreclosure abuses including the robo-signing uproar.  The settlement has been controversial and several
attorneys general including those in California, Delaware, and New York have opted
out of the settlement and/or launched independent lawsuits of their own,
claiming the settlement is not sufficient to the offense.  The rumors have intensified over the last few
days based on a theory that the President hopes to announce the settlement
during his State of the Union Address tonight.

Today the Center for Responsible Lending
which has been an early and outspoken critic of mortgage lending came out in
favor of the settlement saying, while it isn’t perfect, it would represent an important
step forward in addressing foreclosure abuses

“The settlement would include key reforms to clean up unfair mortgage
servicing practices,” the statement from the Center said.  “It would also provide an important template
for ways banks can use principal reduction to reduce unnecessary foreclosures
and put the country back on a path to economic recovery.”

While the Center admits that not all
details of the settlement are available as yet, but based on current
information, the key reforms include:

  • The
    elimination of robo-signing as banks would agree to individually review
    foreclosure documents according to the law.
  • Adoption
    of practices that would improve communication with services and end servicer
    abuses including fairer treatment for homeowners who are late on mortgage
    payments.
  • More
    sustainable loan modifications including a requirement that banks “get serious”
    about reducing principal balances.
  • While
    the state AGs would be prohibited by the settlement from pursuing further
    actions against the banks, the Center said that nothing in the settlement would
    prevent homeowners from suing on an individual basis nor would the settlement
    shield the banks from prosecution for criminal activities or from claims based
    on mortgage securities violations, fair lending suits or claims against the
    Mortgage Electronic Registration System.
  • The
    settlement would be enforceable in court by an independent monitor.

The Center said that its research
indicates that the country is only about half-way through the mortgage crisis,
but the proposed settlement would wrap up a year-long investigation into
robo-signing and other abuses and is “crucial to containing the damaging
effects of foreclosures on our economy.” 
It stresses, however, that additional policy actions on multiple fronts
is a necessary addition to the settlement.

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Deal Gets Closer On Foreclosures

State and federal officials hope to announce early next month a deal with five large banks valued at as much as $25 billion.

Refinance Applications Surge 26.4% as Rates Set New Lows

Mortgage applications jumped 23.1
percent on a seasonally adjusted basis during the week ended January 13,
2012.  The increase in the Market
Composite Index, a measure of loan application volume maintained by the
Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) reflected improvements in both the purchase
and refinance business following the traditionally slow Christmas and New Year
holiday period.  On an unadjusted basis
the index increased 38.1 percent.

The Refinance Index increased 26.4
percent
from the week ended January 6 to its highest point since August 8,
2011.  The seasonally adjusted Purchase
Index rose 10.3 percent, returning to pre-holiday levels.  The unadjusted Purchase Index was up 28.4
percent from the previous week and was 2.2 percent higher than during the same
week in 2011.

The four-week moving average for each
index also increased; the Composite Index increased by 5.99 percent, the
seasonally adjusted Purchase Index by 1.96 percent and the Refinance Index by
7.0 percent.

Refinancing took an 82.2 percent share
of all application activity, up from 80.8 percent the previous week and the
highest share since October 22, 2010.  Applications
for adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs) constituted represented a 5.6 percent
share of applications, up two basis points from the previous week.

Purchase Index vs 30 Yr Fixed

Click Here to View the Purchase Applications Chart

Refinance Index vs 30 Yr Fixed

Click Here to View the Refinance Applications Chart

 “Interest
rates
dropped last week due to continuing anxieties regarding the fragile
economic situation in Europe,” said Michael Fratantoni, MBA’s Vice
President of Research and Economics.  “With mortgage rates reaching
new lows, refinance volume jumped and MBA’s refinance index reached its highest
level in the last six months.  Purchase activity also increased as buyers
returned to the market after the holiday season.”

With
the exception of jumbo loans (with balances over $417,500) interest rates continued
their downward trend. Three of the rates, in fact, hit the lowest level in the
history of the MBA applications survey.  The
jumbo rate – for 30-year fixed-rate (FRM) loans – increased to 4.40 percent
from 4.34 percent with points decreasing to 0.37 from 0.47 point.  The effective rate also increased.

Thirty-year
FRM with conforming (under $417,500) balances hit a new low, decreasing to 4.06
percent with 0.48 point from 4.11 percent with 0.41 point. The effective rate
also decreased.

Rates
for FHA guaranteed 30-year FRM were
at 3.91 percent with 0.59 point, the lowest FHA
rate in the history of MBA’s application survey, down from 3.96 percent with 0.72 point.  The effective rate also decreased from the previous week.

The
third all-time low is the 3.33 percent rate with 0.39 point for the 15-year FRM. 
This was a drop from 3.40 percent with 0.37 point rate the previous week.  The effective rate also decreased.

The
average contract interest rate for 5/1
ARMs was unchanged at the record low 2.90 percent established the previous
week.  Points decreased to 0.45 from 0.49.   The
effective rate also decreased from last week.

All
rates quoted are for 80 percent loan-to-value originations and points include
the application fee.

 MBA’s covers
over 75 percent of all U.S. retail residential mortgage applications, and has
been conducted weekly since 1990.  Respondents include mortgage bankers,
commercial banks and thrifts.  Base period and value for all indexes is
March 16, 1990=100.

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